6 Develop a global partnership for development

Where are we?


UNDP in Iraq

ODA to the region has been highly erratic and was actually lower, in real per capita terms, in the late 2000s than in the early 1990s. When Iraq and the Occupied Palestinian Territory are excluded, the real ODA for the region declined by nearly half since 1990. It is also grossly insufficient to meet the special needs of Arab LDCs. However, aid from Arab donors (achieving the DAC target of 0.7 per cent of GNI) to Arab countries reached nearly 7 billion dollars in 2008. Although Arab aid came in a nonbinding way, it is only a third of the 22 billion USD aid provided by the DAC donors –most of whom are budgeting below the DAC target, often well below.

In 2007, Arab countries were able to admit 93 per cent of their non-oil exports free of duty into developed markets, which is a significant improvement over the 35 per cent they held in 1996. From their side, Arab countries have undertaken significant trade liberalization during the past decade with the Greater Arab Free Trade Area (GAFTA), the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and the Arab Maghreb Union (AMU). Eleven Arab countries are WTO members, while eight Arab countries are in the process of negotiating WTO membership.

Only one of the four qualified highly indebted poor Arab countries has reached the HIPC completion point. Considerable progress was achieved in the Arab region in the ICT sector, in particular in the Internet and mobile areas, but the Arab LDCs still lack well behind the rest of the region in these two fields.

UNDP's work in Arab States

MDG2


Proportion of total developed country imports (by value and excluding arms and oil) from Arab countries admitted free of duty (1990-2007)

Source: ESCWA calculation based on data from: (http://www.mdg]trade.org/38.Table.aspx)

MDG2



MFN Tariffs imposed by developed countries on agricultural products, textiles and clothing from Arab countries (1990-2007)

Source: ESCWA calculation based on data from: (http://www.mdg-trade.org/38.Table.aspx)

1.29 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG8
  1. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
    • Developing countries gain greater access to the markets of developed countries
    • Least developed countries benefit most from tariff reductions, especially on their agricultural products
  2. Address the special needs of least developed countries
    • Net Official development assistance (ODA), total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors' gross national income
    • Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  3. Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
    • Official development assistance (ODA) received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national income
    • ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  4. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
    • Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
    • Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
    • Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
  5. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
    • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
  6. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
    • Telephone lines per 100 population
    • Cellular subscribers per 100 population
    • Internet users per 100 population