Peace building and conflict resolution in Kakar

The UNDP is helping forge a peace between villages in Kakar  that have been fighting over scarce water supplies for decades.

With UN support, elders from Dhudo village, accompanied by religious elders and the Vice Minister of Justice, the Minister of Women’s Affairs and the Minister of Religious Affairs, entered the village of Hunbays for the first time in 30 years, where they agreed to end their differences.

Communities in the area have been locked in cycle of revenge killings over scarce water supplies that have been further diminished by several years of drought. 

The Dhodo spring and Rako borehole contain enough water for everyone, but the protracted conflict between the sub-clans has left many without enough water and even the animals have suffered. The UNDP is helping forge a peace between villages in Kakar  that have been fighting over scarce water supplies for decades.

With UN support, elders from Dhudo village, accompanied by religious elders and the Vice Minister of Justice, the Minister of Women’s Affairs and the Minister of Religious Affairs, entered the village of Hunbays for the first time in 30 years, where they agreed to end their differences.

Communities in the area have been locked in cycle of revenge killings over scarce water supplies that have been further diminished by several years of drought.  

The Dhodo spring and Rako borehole contain enough water for everyone, but the protracted conflict between the sub-clans has left many without enough water and even the animals have suffered.

The UNDP helped to plan the landmark, five-day mission with the Ministry of Justice and worked with the religious elders to supply vehicles and food. The total cost for this important, peace-building exercise was less than $5,000.

The mission proved a success when it was agreed that PL  police would be stationed at the water points to protect users and ensure equal access for everyone, strengthening the rule of law by allowing the state police service to provide protection to all sides of the community.

No Access to Water

The conflict involves three sub-clans. The Ugar Saleban live in Rako, where they have a borehole.  The Osman Mohamoud live in Dhudo, where there is a natural spring.  In between the two, and caught in a conflict with both neighbours, live the Ali Saleban at Hunbays, who have no access to water.

Peace agreements have been struck in the past, but these never amounted to a genuine settlement as distrust remained too high to allow the communities to share resources.

In Dhudo, the peace talks culminated in a session in which elders, women, religious leaders and youth from the Osman Mohamoud gathered at their school and formally invited their neighbours to use the Dhudo spring water.  

This large public ceremony helped bring the whole community on all sides together. The state of PL and police played the key roles of guarantors of security and peace.

Shiek Ahmed Dahir preached in each of the villages, including Hunbays, Qodax, Jerin and Dhudo, emphasising the importance of Islamic brotherhood, the human rights of all people, and the respect due to neighbours and follow citizens.  

Together, people can build stronger communities, provide for their families and prevent violent conflict.